Was Stonewall Jackson

Related to Andrew Jackson?

By James Pylant

Confederate General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was born 21 January 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia) and died 10 May 1863 in Guinea Station, Virginia. He was the son of Jonathan Jackson and the former Julia Beckwith Neale.

Roy Bird Cook, in The Family and Early Life of Stonewall Jackson (published in 1967 by the Education Foundation, Inc., of Charleston, West Virginia), names Scots-Irish emigrant John Jackson, born in Coleraine, Ireland, about 1715, as the great-grandfather of General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. After arriving in America, John Jackson married Elizabeth Cummins in 1755 in Cecil County, Maryland. Their son, Edward Jackson (1759-1828) first married Mary Hadden, by whom he fathered Jonathan Jackson, the Confederate general's father.

Cook's data is heavily repeated in Harry L. Jackson's Some Descendants of John and Elizabeth Cummins Jackson: Kentucky Relatives of Stonewall Jackson (published by the author in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1976). The bulk of the 154 page book, however, traces the author's direct descent from John Jackson, Jr. (1760-1821), who married twice: first to Rebecca Hadden and second to Elizabeth Cozad. Though printed separately, the book includes a beautiful, full-color 12 generation lineage chart depicting the author's ancestry from Anthony Jackson, born in 1546, who married Margaret Frobisher. Least satisfactory in this genealogy—both the book and the chart—is President Andrew Jackson's questionable connection to this family. Old Hickory's grandfather is identified as Dr. Joseph Jackson, brother to John Jackson the immigrant. Descendants of John and Elizabeth Cummins Jackson is accessible at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (the call number is 929.273 J135) or through microfilm loan at the area Family History Centers (film number 1421669, item 8).

President Jackson's ancestry is sketchy at best, but according to Ellis Munson Goodwin's "Crafford of New River, North Carolina," in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 57, pp. 298-303, his grandfather was not Dr. Joseph Jackson, but one Hugh Jackson. Nothing is known of Andrew Jackson's direct paternal line beyond his great-grandfather, Thomas Jackson, a resident of County Down, Ireland. The most glaring error in Harry L. Jackson's genealogy is the three years age difference between Dr. Joseph Jackson (1690) and Andrew Jackson, Sr. (1693), the men identified as father and son. The birth dates appear in both the book and the chart. Cook's The Family and Early Life of Stonewall Jackson also traces the ancestry of the Confederate general's mother, Julia Beckwith Neale, born in 1798 in Loudoun County, Virginia. Surnames in the Neale lineage include Rodham, Presley, Fauntelroy, and Underwood.

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