EMANUEL ZIMMERMAN or CARPENTER was a son of Henry Carpenter, and he was born in Switzerland in the year 1702. Henry Carpenter had arrived in Philadelphia in 1698, but afterward returned to Europe, coming back to America in 1706, bringing his family with him. He settled first in Germantown, but removed to within the present bounds of Lancaster county, then Chester, in 1717. Emanuel Carpenter was a member of the Assembly from Lancaster county in 1768. In 1760 he was appointed a presiding Justice of the Common Pleas court of Lancaster county, and held that position until his death in 1780. He died “beloved and lamented by all.” He is buried in Zimmerman’s or Carpenter’s graveyard, near Earlville.
Source: Biographical Annals of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: Containing Biographical and Genealogical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and of Many of the Early Settlers (Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co., 1903), p. 168.